Testbed Configuration and Testing Methodology
All graphics cards were benchmarked in a closed system case with the following configuration:
- Mainboard: Gigabyte GA-X58A-UD9 (Intel X58 Express, LGA 1366, BIOS F5 from 05/04/2011);
- CPU: Intel Core i7-980X Extreme Edition, 3.33 GHz, 1.225 V, 6 x 256 KB L2, 12 MB L3 (Gulftown, B1);
- CPU cooler: Thermalright Archon (2 x Thermalright TY-140 fans at 800 RPM);
- Thermal interface: Gelid GC-Extreme;
- System memory: DDR3 3 x 2GB OCZ Platinum Low-Voltage Triple Channel (Spec: 1600 MHz / 7-7-7-24 / 1.65 V);
- Graphics cards:
- Palit GeForce GTX 560 Sonic Platinum 1 GB GDDR5 256 bit, 810/1620 MHz, 900/4200 MHz and 960/4760 MHz;
- Palit GeForce GTX 560 Ti Sonic 1 GB GDDR5 256 bit, 822/1644 MHz, 900/4200 MHz and 940/4820 MHz;
- AMD Radeon HD 6870 1 GB GDDR5 256 bit, 900/4200 MHz and 945/4620 MHz;
- System drive: RAID-0 of 2 x Kingston V-series SNV425S2128GB SSD (SATA-II, 128 GB, MLC, Toshiba TC58NCF618G3T controller);
- Drive for programs and games: Western Digital VelociRaptor (300GB, SATA-II, 10000 RPM, 16MB cache, NCQ) inside Scythe Quiet Drive 3.5” HDD silencer and cooler;
- Backup drive: Samsung Ecogreen F4 HD204UI (SATA-II, 2 TB, 5400 RPM, 32 MB, NCQ);
- System case: Antec Twelve Hundred (front panel: three Noiseblocker NB-Multiframe S-Series MF12-S2 fans at 900 RPM; back panel: two Noiseblocker NB-BlackSilentPRO PL-1 fans at 900 RPM; top panel: standard 200 mm fan at 400 RPM);
- Control and monitoring panel: Zalman ZM-MFC2
- Power supply: Zalman ZM1000-HP 1000 W (with a default 140 mm fan);
- Monitor: 30” Samsung 305T Plus.
We are going to compare the performance of our Palit graphics accelerators against that of AMD Radeon HD 6870 1 GB, which falls into the same price segment as GeForce GTX 560 Ti ($199):
The reference AMD Radeon HD 6870 was tested at its default frequencies as well as overclocked to 945/4620 MHz:
Unfortunately, this particular sample couldn’t boast superb overclocking potential.
As for Palit cards, they were tested at their nominal clocks as well as at overclocked frequencies, but also at the default frequencies of the reference Nvidia cards. For GeForce GTX 560 it was 810/1620/4008 MHz and for GeForce GTX 560 Ti – 822/1645/4008 MHz:
In order to lower the dependence of the graphics cards performance on the overall platform speed, I overclocked our 32 nm six-core CPU with the multiplier set at 25x and “Load-Line Calibration” (Level 2) enabled to 4.5GHz. The processor Vcore was increased to 1.46875V in the mainboard BIOS:
The 6 GB of system DDR3 memory worked at 1.5 GHz frequency with 7-7-7-16_1T timings and 1.64V voltage. Turbo Boost and Hyper-Threading technologies were disabled during our test session.
The test session started on May 30, 2011. All tests were performed in Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate x64 with all critical updates as of that date and the following drivers:
- Intel Chipset Drivers 188.8.131.523 alpha for the mainboard chipset;
- DirectX End-User Runtimes from November 30, 2010;
- Catalyst 11.5b RC5 (05/25/2011) drivers for AMD based graphics cards;
- Nvidia GeForce/ION 275.27 beta (05/17/2011) driver for Nvidia based graphics cards.
The graphics cards were tested only in one resolution: 1920x1080. The tests were performed in two image quality modes: “Quality+AF16x” – default texturing quality with enabled 16x anisotropic filtering and “Quality+ AF16x+AA4(8)x” with enabled 16x anisotropic filtering and full screen 4x anti-aliasing (MSAA) or 8x if the average framerate was high enough for comfortable gaming experience. We enabled anisotropic filtering and full-screen anti-aliasing from the game settings or configuration files. If the corresponding options were missing, we changed these settings in the Control Panel of Catalyst and GeForce/ION drivers. There were no other changes in the driver settings.
All games and applications used in this test session were updated to their latest versions. As a result, the list had two popular semi-synthetic benchmarking suites, one technical demo and 19 games of various genres. Here is the complete list of tests used with the settings (all games listed in their release order):
- 3DMark Vantage (DirectX 10) – v184.108.40.206, Performance and Extreme profiles (primary tests only);
- 3DMark 2011 (DirectX 11) – version 220.127.116.11, Performance and Extreme profiles;
- Unigine Heaven Demo (DirectX 11) – version 2.5, maximum graphics quality settings, tessellation at “extreme”, AF16x, 1920x1080 resolution with MSAA 4x;
- Far Cry 2 (DirectX 10) – version 1.03, “Ultra High” settings profile, two runs of the Ranch Small test from Far Cry 2 Benchmark Tool (v18.104.22.168);
- BattleForge: Lost Souls (DirectX 11) – version 1.2 (05.03.2011), maximum image quality settings, shadows enabled, SSAO technology enabled, two runs of the built-in benchmark;
- S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Call of Pripyat (DirectX 11) – version 1.6.02, Enhanced Dynamic DX11 Lighting profile with all parameters manually set at their maximums, we used our custom cop03 demo on the Backwater map;
- Borderlands: the Secret Armory of General Knoxx (DLC) (DirectX 9) – version 1.4.1, “timedemo1_p” demo with maximum image quality settings;
- Grand Theft Auto IV - Episodes From Liberty City (DirectX 9) – version 22.214.171.124, the test from “The Ballad of Gay Tony” scene, “Very High” image quality settings, “View Distance” = 23%;
- Left 4 Dead 2: The Sacrifice (DirectX 9) – version 126.96.36.199, maximum graphics quality settings, d68 demo (two runs) on “Gold Stream (Beta)” map of the “Alpine Greek” level;
- Metro 2033: The Last Refuge (DirectX 10/11) - version 1.2, maximum graphics quality settings, official benchmark, “High” image quality settings; tesselation, DOF and MSAA4x disabled; AAA aliasing enabled, two consecutive runs of the “Frontline” scene;
- Just Cause 2 (DirectX 11) - version 188.8.131.52, maximum quality settings, Background Blur and GPU Water Simulation enabled, two consecutive runs of the “Dark Tower” demo;
- Aliens vs. Predator (2010) (DirectX 11) – Texture Quality “Very High”, Shadow Quality “High”, SSAO On, two test runs in each resolution;
- Lost Planet 2 (DirectX 11) – version 1.0, maximum graphics quality settings, motion blur enabled, performance test “B” (average in all three scenes);
- StarCraft 2: Wings of Liberty (DirectX 11) – version 1.0, all image quality settings at “Ultra”, Physics “Ultra”, reflections On, two 2-minute runs of our own jt1 demo;
- Mafia 2 (DirectX 11) – version 184.108.40.206, maximum graphics quality settings, two runs of the built-in benchmark;
- Sid Meier’s Civilization V (DirectX 11) – version 220.127.116.11, maximum graphics quality settings, two runs of the “diplomatic” benchmark including five heaviest scenes;
- F1 2010 (DirectX 11) – version 1.01, built-in benchmark at Ultra quality settings including one lap on the “Silverstone” track;
- Tom Clancy's H.A.W.X. 2 (DirectX 11) – version 1.04, maximum graphics quality settings, shadows On, tessellation Off (not available on Radeon), two runs of the test scene;
- Crysis 2 (DirectX 9) – version 1.2, Adrenaline bench 0.15, “Very High” graphics quality profile, two runs of the demo in “Times Square” scene;
- Warhammer 40,000 Dawn of War II: Retribution (DirectX 10.1) – version 18.104.22.16855, maximum graphics quality settings, activated shadows, two runs of the built-in test scene;
- Total War: Shogun 2 (DirectX 11) – version 2.0, built in benchmark at maximum graphics quality settings;
- DiRT 3 (DirectX 11) – version 1.1, built-in benchmark at maximum graphics quality settings on the “Aspen” track.
If the game allowed recording the minimal fps readings, they were also added to the charts. We ran each game test or benchmark twice and took the best result for the diagrams, but only if the difference between them didn’t exceed 1%. If it did exceed 1%, we ran the tests at least one more time to achieve repeatability of results.