First you install your HDDs on the frames and insert the frames into the NAS. Then you connect the network cable and the power cord, and the NAS is ready to go. You can turn it on and, after a short while, you will hear a sound signal and will be able to proceed to install firmware. With Synology NASes, the firmware is installed on a hard disk partition. To be exact, it is a mirror partition that is present on all the HDDs installed, so you should not worry about the firmware getting corrupt. The DS509+ takes about 2.5 gigabytes of storage space from each HDD for that purpose. The useful capacity is also diminished by the size of the swap file, which is half a gigabyte more.
For this test session I installed the latest available beta version of firmware (DSM 2.2 0914) using an appropriate version of DSAssistant (once the firmware is installed, you will be able to update it via the web-interface).
During the first installation you can specify such parameters as network addresses, integrated timer settings, administrator password. For multi-disk NASes you will have to create a volume (or a few volumes) for storing user data and public folders.
Synology’s web-interface is one of the handiest and prettiest on the market. Although its design has been revised lately, it is easy to learn the new positions of certain buttons.
The interface is available in several languages. The language is selected automatically according to your browser settings or specified by the user manually. You can also select the language for email letters and network clients that do not support Unicode. The pretty visuals are based on AJAX and your browser must support this technology. It means there can be problems with access from mobile devices.
If you log in as administrator, you can access all settings and features of the system. If you log in as a simple user, you will only be able to use those features (like the browser-based file access or file download station) that your access rights permit, check out the disk quote usage level and change your password.
Once you enter the interface, you can see all accessible services as icons on the first page.
Web interface access can be protected with SSL encryption and the standard ports 5000/5001 can be changed. Additional protection is provided by the automatic logoff timer.